时 间 :2023.03.16-2023.06.15 地 点 :文华殿
The archaeological sites of ancient Gandhara dotted mainly across the southern end of the present-day Hindu Kush and Karakorum. Specifically includes the Peshawar Valley in northern Pakistan to the east bank of the Indus River and the eastern part of the Kabul Valley in Afghanistan. It is an intersection of the Silk Road connecting the South Asian subcontinent, the crossroads of Mediterranean civilization, Iranian civilization, Central Asian steppe civilization, and Indian civilization. The vigorous collision of multiculturalism has created a rich and colorful civilization. Mythology, aesthetics, and philosophy from ancient Greece, Zoroastrianism, Messianism from West Asia, Hinduism, and Buddhism from South Asia spread and mutually influenced each other, making this region one of the world's religious centers.
China and Pakistan are both ancient civilizations on the Silk Road. Cultural and artistic exchanges between the two countries have a long history. According to historical records, between 400 and 630 A.D., ancient Chinese monks and pilgrims such as Faxian, Song Yun and Huisheng, and Xuanzang visited the area, leaving archives of Gandhara's material culture, which became a crucial historical source for the study of the early history of Pakistan. Chinese artifacts, inscriptions, and coins recently recovered in many archaeological discoveries have enriched and furthered our understanding of the ancient cultural exchanges between China and Pakistan.
With active and continuous exchanges and mutual inspirations along the Silk Road, Gandhara showed unparalleled vitality and creativity and had a profound impact on the spread of Asian civilization. Gandhara Buddhist art, which originated in the Kushan Empire, entered central China through the Silk Road via Xinjiang and the Hexi Corridor, promoting the development of early Chinese Buddhist culture and art; Swat, Kashmir, and Gilgit art, influenced by Gandhara art, crossed the western part of Tibet and entered the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China, which provided sustenance for the development of Tibetan Buddhism art after the 10th century.
We selected 203 artifacts for this exhibition, of which 173 artifacts come from Seven museums in Pakistan and 30 artifacts from the Palace Museum. The exhibits fully demonstrate the artistic charm of Gandhara culture and its far-reaching influence on China and East Asia from the perspective of the development of ancient Gandhara civilization.